China Custom Made Drive Shaft Worm Gear/ Pinion/Helical Gear/ Spline/ Motor/ Transmission/ Gear Shift/ Screw/ Hollow/ Steel/Ground Shaft custom drive shaft shop

Product Description

HangZhou CZPT Precision Industry Co.,Ltd

 

The company has owned IS0 9001 (International Quality Management) system certification, ISO14001 (International Environmental Management) system certification, IATF16949 (International Automotive Task Force) system certification and EN15085-2 (Railway applications-Welding of railway vehicles and components) system certification. We have an experienced management team and a group of high-quality talents. 

 

Our advantages are as below.

  1. Core Value: Integrity + Quality;
  2. Rich Experience: Since the year of 2001;
  3. Technical Engineer: 36 Staffs;
  4. Quality Engineer: 18 Staffs;
  5. Company Certificate: ISO 9001, ISO14001, ITAF 16949, EN 15085-2;
  6. Strong Capacity: Up to 100k pieces per day;

 

Factory Description and Service Content
PRODUCTION LINE:  Metal stamping, Laser cutting, Sheet metal, Welding, Spraying, Electrophoresis, Assembly.
MATERIAL:  Carbon steel, Stainless steel, Aluminum, Copper, Brass, Bronze, Customized.
PROCEDURES:  Blanking, Punching, Bending, Cutting, Milling, Dilling, Tapping, Riveting, Welding, Assembling, Packing.
TOLERANCE:  +/- 0.01mm
FINISH:  Powder, Spraying, Sand Blasting, Electroplating, Electrophoresis, Anodizing, Passivating, Customized.
COLOR:  Natural, Conversonial, Silver, Grey, Black, White, Red, Blue, Green, Yellow, Matte, Glossy, Customized.
SYSTEM CERTIFICATION:  ISO 9001, ISO 14001, ITAF 16949, EN 15085-2.
APPLICATION:  Automobile, Communication, Electrical, Electronics, Rail transit, Equipment manufacturing etc.
MOQ:  1,000 Pcs ~ 5,000 Pcs
MOULD COST:  500 USD ~ 5,000 USD
UNIT PRICE:  0.05 USD ~ 5.00 USD
PACKING:  Paper Bag, Plastic Bag, PE Bag, Carton Board, Carton Box, Plywood case, Wooden Case, Pallet.
MPQ:  50 Pcs ~ 200 Pcs
LEAD TIME:  15 Work Days ~ 25 Work Days
TRADE TERM:  EXW, FOB, CFR, CIF, DDU, DDP.
PAYMENT METHOD:  T/T, L/C, Western Union, Money Gram, PayPal, Ali Pay.

 

Workshop Inner View

System Certificate

 

Production Line View 

Metalworking products are very important component in industrial field, It is widely accepted for its stable performance and affordable price.
Especially in the field of Automobile, Communication, Electrical, Electronics, IT, Equipment Manufacturing, Rail Transit and Construction etc.

We committed to provide our customers with excellent products and cater to their demand solutions with lower costs and highly efficiency. Please feel free to contact us, we are looking forward to our further cooperation. We treat every customer sincerely and take every project seriously.

 

 

FAQ:

1. Why business with CZPT Precision Co., Ltd?
Our mission is to provide unparalleled product quality with very best prices for customer to be more competitive in their market, and to enhance their business growth.

2. Are the products available for selling from your Product Display Area?
All Products displayed were made before for other customers with their copy right. We only supply parts according to customer’s specific requirements or with samples offered other than prompt goods.

3. How to get your quotation?
Please provide your 2D / 3D drawings to us to evaluate for our exclusive price. All Products are manufactured to custom requirements and specifications.

4. What’s your production leadtime?
The delivery time is usually 15 ~ 25 days, but the actually time needs to be determined according to the drawings / samples provided.

5. How to guarantee the products quality?
We are ISO certified and will comply any quality level requirement for specific items. Additionally, our in-house team inspect and test random samples prior to shipment. Quality certification is available CZPT to our customers.

 

US $888-899
/ Piece
|
100 Pieces

(Min. Order)

###

Application: Fastener, Auto and Motorcycle Accessory, Hardware Tool, Machinery Accessory
Standard: GB, EN, API650, China GB Code, JIS Code, TEMA, ASME
Surface Treatment: Powder Coated Anodizing Spray Paint Passivating
Production Type: Mass Production
Machining Method: CNC Machining Turning Milling Stamping Extrusion
Material: Steel, Brass, Alloy, Copper, Aluminum, Iron

###

Samples:
US$ 90/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

###

Customization:

###

Factory Description and Service Content
PRODUCTION LINE:  Metal stamping, Laser cutting, Sheet metal, Welding, Spraying, Electrophoresis, Assembly.
MATERIAL:  Carbon steel, Stainless steel, Aluminum, Copper, Brass, Bronze, Customized.
PROCEDURES:  Blanking, Punching, Bending, Cutting, Milling, Dilling, Tapping, Riveting, Welding, Assembling, Packing.
TOLERANCE:  +/- 0.01mm
FINISH:  Powder, Spraying, Sand Blasting, Electroplating, Electrophoresis, Anodizing, Passivating, Customized.
COLOR:  Natural, Conversonial, Silver, Grey, Black, White, Red, Blue, Green, Yellow, Matte, Glossy, Customized.
SYSTEM CERTIFICATION:  ISO 9001, ISO 14001, ITAF 16949, EN 15085-2.
APPLICATION:  Automobile, Communication, Electrical, Electronics, Rail transit, Equipment manufacturing etc.
MOQ:  1,000 Pcs ~ 5,000 Pcs
MOULD COST:  500 USD ~ 5,000 USD
UNIT PRICE:  0.05 USD ~ 5.00 USD
PACKING:  Paper Bag, Plastic Bag, PE Bag, Carton Board, Carton Box, Plywood case, Wooden Case, Pallet.
MPQ:  50 Pcs ~ 200 Pcs
LEAD TIME:  15 Work Days ~ 25 Work Days
TRADE TERM:  EXW, FOB, CFR, CIF, DDU, DDP.
PAYMENT METHOD:  T/T, L/C, Western Union, Money Gram, PayPal, Ali Pay.

###

FAQ:

1. Why business with Hetai Precision Co., Ltd?
Our mission is to provide unparalleled product quality with very best prices for customer to be more competitive in their market, and to enhance their business growth.

2. Are the products available for selling from your Product Display Area?
All Products displayed were made before for other customers with their copy right. We only supply parts according to customer’s specific requirements or with samples offered other than prompt goods.

3. How to get your quotation?
Please provide your 2D / 3D drawings to us to evaluate for our exclusive price. All Products are manufactured to custom requirements and specifications.

4. What’s your production leadtime?
The delivery time is usually 15 ~ 25 days, but the actually time needs to be determined according to the drawings / samples provided.

5. How to guarantee the products quality?
We are ISO certified and will comply any quality level requirement for specific items. Additionally, our in-house team inspect and test random samples prior to shipment. Quality certification is available upon request to our customers.

US $888-899
/ Piece
|
100 Pieces

(Min. Order)

###

Application: Fastener, Auto and Motorcycle Accessory, Hardware Tool, Machinery Accessory
Standard: GB, EN, API650, China GB Code, JIS Code, TEMA, ASME
Surface Treatment: Powder Coated Anodizing Spray Paint Passivating
Production Type: Mass Production
Machining Method: CNC Machining Turning Milling Stamping Extrusion
Material: Steel, Brass, Alloy, Copper, Aluminum, Iron

###

Samples:
US$ 90/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|
Request Sample

###

Customization:

###

Factory Description and Service Content
PRODUCTION LINE:  Metal stamping, Laser cutting, Sheet metal, Welding, Spraying, Electrophoresis, Assembly.
MATERIAL:  Carbon steel, Stainless steel, Aluminum, Copper, Brass, Bronze, Customized.
PROCEDURES:  Blanking, Punching, Bending, Cutting, Milling, Dilling, Tapping, Riveting, Welding, Assembling, Packing.
TOLERANCE:  +/- 0.01mm
FINISH:  Powder, Spraying, Sand Blasting, Electroplating, Electrophoresis, Anodizing, Passivating, Customized.
COLOR:  Natural, Conversonial, Silver, Grey, Black, White, Red, Blue, Green, Yellow, Matte, Glossy, Customized.
SYSTEM CERTIFICATION:  ISO 9001, ISO 14001, ITAF 16949, EN 15085-2.
APPLICATION:  Automobile, Communication, Electrical, Electronics, Rail transit, Equipment manufacturing etc.
MOQ:  1,000 Pcs ~ 5,000 Pcs
MOULD COST:  500 USD ~ 5,000 USD
UNIT PRICE:  0.05 USD ~ 5.00 USD
PACKING:  Paper Bag, Plastic Bag, PE Bag, Carton Board, Carton Box, Plywood case, Wooden Case, Pallet.
MPQ:  50 Pcs ~ 200 Pcs
LEAD TIME:  15 Work Days ~ 25 Work Days
TRADE TERM:  EXW, FOB, CFR, CIF, DDU, DDP.
PAYMENT METHOD:  T/T, L/C, Western Union, Money Gram, PayPal, Ali Pay.

###

FAQ:

1. Why business with Hetai Precision Co., Ltd?
Our mission is to provide unparalleled product quality with very best prices for customer to be more competitive in their market, and to enhance their business growth.

2. Are the products available for selling from your Product Display Area?
All Products displayed were made before for other customers with their copy right. We only supply parts according to customer’s specific requirements or with samples offered other than prompt goods.

3. How to get your quotation?
Please provide your 2D / 3D drawings to us to evaluate for our exclusive price. All Products are manufactured to custom requirements and specifications.

4. What’s your production leadtime?
The delivery time is usually 15 ~ 25 days, but the actually time needs to be determined according to the drawings / samples provided.

5. How to guarantee the products quality?
We are ISO certified and will comply any quality level requirement for specific items. Additionally, our in-house team inspect and test random samples prior to shipment. Quality certification is available upon request to our customers.

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When two splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by five mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to fifty-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows four concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these three components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using two different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these two methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the three factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

China Custom Made Drive Shaft Worm Gear/ Pinion/Helical Gear/ Spline/ Motor/ Transmission/ Gear Shift/ Screw/ Hollow/ Steel/Ground Shaft     custom drive shaft shop			China Custom Made Drive Shaft Worm Gear/ Pinion/Helical Gear/ Spline/ Motor/ Transmission/ Gear Shift/ Screw/ Hollow/ Steel/Ground Shaft     custom drive shaft shop
editor by czh 2022-11-27

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